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conjunctivitis

Definition of
Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelid.

risk factors for
Conjunctivitis

symptoms

Eye Redness

Redness in the white of the eye or inner eyelids.

Watery or discharge from one or both eyes. The discharge may be clear, white, yellow, or greenish.

Gritty or scratchy feeling in the affected eye(s).

Itchiness and irritation in the eyes.

Sensitivity to light (photophobia).

Patients often have difficulty concentrating or memory problems.

Very frequently the Eyes get swollen and become difficult to open the Eyes 

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is an inflammation of the thin, clear tissue (conjunctiva) that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelid. This condition can be caused by various factors, including viruses, bacteria, allergens, or irritants.

treatment types

Viral Conjunctivitis

Viral conjunctivitis is typically self-limiting and will often resolve on its own within a week or two. Artificial tears and cold compresses can help alleviate symptoms. In some cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed if the infection is severe or persistent.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is often treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointments to eliminate the bacterial infection. Warm compresses can help soothe the eyes and promote healing.

Allergic conjunctivitis can be managed by identifying and avoiding allergens whenever possible. Over-the-counter or prescription antihistamine eye drops or oral medications may be recommended to alleviate symptoms. Cold compresses and artificial tears can provide relief as well.

If conjunctivitis is caused by irritants or foreign bodies, flushing the eyes with clean water or saline solution can help remove the irritant. If symptoms persist or worsen, it is essential to seek professional care.

Prevention measures include good hygiene practices, such as regular handwashing, avoiding touching the eyes, and not sharing personal items like towels or eye makeup.

It is important to note that accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment should be provided by a qualified ophthalmologist. If you suspect you have conjunctivitis or any eye-related issue, please consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and care.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelid.

Conjunctivitis can be caused by viruses, bacteria, allergies, or irritants. Viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are contagious, while allergic and irritant types are not.

Common symptoms include redness in the eye, eye discharge (clear, white, yellow, or greenish), itching, irritation, sensitivity to light, swollen eyelids, and a gritty or scratchy feeling in the eye.

Viral conjunctivitis typically causes watery discharge and is often accompanied by cold-like symptoms. Bacterial conjunctivitis produces thicker discharge that can be yellow or green and may cause crusting of the eyelashes.

Yes, viral and bacterial conjunctivitis are contagious. Proper hygiene, like handwashing and avoiding close contact with infected individuals, can help prevent its spread.

Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and a physical examination by a healthcare provider. Treatment depends on the cause, but it may include antiviral or antibiotic eye drops, artificial tears, or allergy medications.

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